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Comparison of Liposomal Bupivacaine for Pain Management after Immediate and Delayed Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Free Flap Reconstruction

Patient analgesia can be addressed pre, intra and post-operatively. The utilization of local anesthetics administered intra-operatively is limited by the medication’s short duration of action. However, an intraoperative transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block can be utilized to anesthetize the T6-L1 intercostal nerves that supply the anterior abdominal wall. This provides analgesia to the abdominal wall, which has been identified as the largest source of post-operative pain following abdominally-based autologous tissue breast reconstruction.


Rebecca Knackstedt, James Gatherwright, Amir Ghaznavi, Steven Bernard, Graham Schwarz,Andrea Moreira, Raffi Gurunluoglu and Risal Djohan

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